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section of "Practical Accessories"
When using several lens accessories:
5. Rolleinar with prism
Accessories with bayonet fitting,
I. For Tessar, Triotar and Xenar 3.5
Please note proper size when ordering! When ordering other accessories, supply the camera number, lens top. and lens number.
Designed for: Protecting the lens against extraneous light and reflections outside the field of the picture. It thereby assures brilliance and purity of color in the photograph Also
protects against spotting the lens in snow, rain or water sports.4www.butkus.org
To attach: Place the sun shade on the outer bayonet of the taking lens so that the upper edge is horizontal.
(Not necessary when using Rolleikin)
Designed for: Extending the focusing hood to normal viewing level; minimizes light
reflection from top of ground glass; allowing observation of image without distraction.
ROLLEINARS 1 and 2
The same instructions apply to the Rolleinars with bayonet size I (see page 2) using a separate Rolleipar parallax corrector for each set. Here too the Rolleipar is always attached
to the viewing 1ens Rolleinar red dot up.
Focusing is accomplished as usual an the ground glass screen. The depth of field being rather limited at close range, considerable stopping down is advisable with Rolleinar lenses. The depth of field table indicates the most advantageous stops for the 25 1/4 X 2 1/4 - and 1 X 1 1/2 inch size.
The advantage of a large reproduction should not mislead to indiscriminate shortening of the camera-to-subject distance with close-ups, as this practice would entail danger of distortion. It is less great with objects having a shallow depth of field. For the same reason portrait heads should, if possible, not be taken at distances closer than 40 in.
Rolleinar Lenses require no increase of exposure.
To install: First attach the taking lens Rolleinar and then the viewing lens Rolleinar with prism in front. Insert into the inner bayonet and turn to the right until they click into position. The red dot on the viewing Rolleinar must be up!4www.butkus.org
Distances are measured from lens board to subject. The figures given in the tables are, for all practical purposes, usable with both 75 and 80 mm. lenses. Permissible circle at confusion = approx. 1/1000 of the focal length at 75 and 80 mm. respectively.
* Figures given in parenthesis apply to a focal length of 80 mm.
here for Focal Length and Focusing Range with Rolleinar Lenses
A. Filters for black and white photography
Designed for: Enhancing the contrast and separation at colors, correction at film sensitivity to the various colors and, at times, the elimination of certain undesirable portions of the spectrum.
Explanation: By elimination or modification of certain portions of the spectrum, the particular complimentary color darker. Colors which show little or no difference in brilliance are thus rendered with a greater black and white contrast or tone separation. Thus with two colors, either can be rendered darker depending on the choice of the filter.
Use: (see page 8) Yellow and also green filters are especially useful
for improved rendering of clouds. Orange and red for cutting through the bluish haze in the distance. Blue
improving the otherwise too pale flesh tones in studio portraits using panchromatic
emulsions with high red sensitivity. Infrared for the exceptionally revealing qualities at the red
and the invisible infrared rays. Ultraviolet protective filter for the absorption of the photographically harmful ultraviolet rays.
B. Color conversion filters
Designed for: Adjustment of the light composition (color temperature) to better match the color balance of color films (especially transparency films).
Explanation: Every color film is balanced to a definite color temperature depending an its intended use. At this color temperature, the film produces true to nature colors. With ascending temperatures, however, an average blue color cast appears, whereas with law color temperature, an average reddish cast predominates. Color conversion filters serve to eliminate these undesirable color casts.4www.butkus.org
Use: The red-brown colored filters when blue predominates, and blue colored filters when red predominates in order to reestablish the balance of the light reaching the film. Each filter type is supplied in these three strengths. 2, 5 and 11, (abbreviated forms of 20, 50 and 110 Mired). Intermediate gradations can be formed by combining any two filters.
|Modern color temperature meters will indicate the proper filter to use, taking into consideration the type of film and the prevailing light conditions. The most commonly encountered
ranges of color temperature are also covered in the double table A + B (page 7 and 9).
Example: Ektachrome daylight film, overcast sky . . . which filters?
Solution: 1. Film: Look up film type (brand) being used. (Ektachrome-daylight = upper part of page), follow appropriate guide line to edge of page (5500' Kelvin), slide page 7 to the left until guide line A (5500 K) and B meet. Hold pages in this position!
2. Lighting: Observe the type of lighting and its color temperature range overcast = 6600 --7000
3. Filter: The adjacent gray bar of table B indicates the filter (R 2) with light value correction
(--0.5) and the extension of exposure, 1.5 times.
The guide lines hereunder listed require sliding page 7 somewhat further to the left.
Click here for "Rollei filter! for black and white photography" chart
correction = exposure increase factor. General average values are given for pan emulsions (in parenthesis for ortho emulsions). These, however, can be modified
according to the type and brand of the photographic material and according to the type of lighting.
· The infrared filter features special compensation for focusing difference between visible and infrared portion of the spectrum. Direct ground glass focusing may be employed with full assurance of sharp pictures.4www.butkus.org
Rollei filters provide maximum effectiveness
By using coating-adjusted fillers with the lenses, the brilliance of the picture is essentially heightened. This heightening of contrast is fully effected only when proper lens accessories are used.
for a list of "Rollei Filters"
Rollei optical lens accessories are supplied with anti-reflection coating which will not wear
off. The Rollei filters, in particular, have an individual type at coating designed to
enhance the effect of their particular color. They achieve maximum contrast in their specific range of operation.
|For black and white and for color.
Purpose: Elimination or subduing al disturbing reflections (glare) from shiny, non-metallic objects or surfaces. Under certain conditions, filtering of the blue sky. Especially useful for regulation of the colors (colored reflections) and control of sky tone in color pictures.
Explanation: If the direction of movement of a light beam is imagined to be the axle of a wheel, then the spokes of the wheel correspond to the various plans of oscillation of the light waves (i.e., we are looking at the light beam in cross section). Polarization will reduce the many planes of osculation to merely one.
Polarization takes place when light waves, striking at a certain angle, are reflected by shiny bodies (with the exception of metals). This polarized segment of light can be retained in full or in part by placing the Rolleipol filter across the plane at oscillation: the reflections disappear. (The filter itself has a polarizing effect an the light which passes through it.) Further, since there is also polarized light in the blue sky, this can be eliminated: the use at the Rolleipol filter results in subdued (darkened) sky portions.4www.butkus.org
Not all reflected light is polarized. If reflections are to be eliminated, 1, the filter must be turned (an its optical axis) in the direction of the vibrations as required, and 2. the camera position must be changed to gain the best effect. This is attained when the beam of light striking the reflecting body and the line of camera view farm an angle at 60--74', (varies according to material at the subject).
Application: 1. For eliminating or subduing disturbing reflections when photographing reflecting objects (polish, porcelain, painted and lacquered finishes, etc., -- reproduction of textures and material), when photographing glass surfaces and the surface of water (the reflecting surfaces became transparent), 2. for filtering sky when photographing landscapes: the blue sky is darkened by absorption of the polarized light it captains. The effect may be observed in advance by looking through the filter. Light value correction about --1.5 = increase at exposure about 3 X.
For Use: Fasten the Rolleipol filter on finder lens (red dot at the top) and rotate the front ring of the Rolleipol until the desired effect is obtained an ground glass. Note the white number marking and transfer to the taking lens.
ROLLIESOFT LENS 0 AND 1
Purpose: Softening of super-critical definition producing striking
fluffy halo-effects, especially with back-lighting.
Explanation: The taking lens Of the Rollei gives super-critical definition required for the majority of exposures. If, occasionally, softer definition is desired (e. 9. for portraits and certain dramatic effects) this is obtained by attaching the Rolleisoft Soft Focus Lens in front of the lens.
The Rolleisoft lens consists at a plane parallel glass disc with a few concentric ground-in grooves. While otherwise the lens permits only sharpness or softness through adjustment of the focus, the Rolleisoft lens obtains both simultaneously: Between these grooves the rays of light pass unimpeded to the film and produce a sharp impression, i. e., the basis of the image. At the grooves, however, the light rays are diverted with the result that an additional image of slightly softer definition is superimposed. Both together produce the soft focus effect: The exposure shows fluffy softened contours and sunny halo-lights; distracting fine details recede and the fatal impression of depth definition is improved. By means of the Rolleisoft the Rollei-lens becomes a soft focus lens.4www.butkus.org
Application: Best results are obtained by using the entire surface of Rolleisoft, i. e., with full aperture. With Rolleisoft 1 (with increased number Of grooves) it is permissible to stop down to f: 5.6. Smaller apertures tend to decrease the soft focus effect.
Rolleisoft 0 is used for weak soft faces effect: primarily for strong contrasts of light and glittering objects, i. e., chiefly for backlighted subjects. Rolleisoft t is used for greater soft focus effect: for soft lighting. -- Chief field at application generally: portraiture. Best suited tar: contrasting, highlighted subjects. Rolleisoft increases the plastic, sunny character of backlighted pictures. Speed and focal length remain unchanged. Generous exposures increase the halo-effect. The ground glass screen shows full focused sharpness when using Rolleisoft lenses. The Rolleisoft effect can be judged at any time an the ground glass screen by placing the Rolleisoft in front of the finder lens.
For Use: Fasten Rolleisoft to inner bayonet at the taking lens.
ROLLEIKIN 3.5 and 2.8
Designed for: Taking up to 36 exposures 1 X 1 1/2 inch, on 35-min.-film. Ideal for series of pictures and color photography on miniature film.
The attachment consists of:
2. Film Guide Frame
3. Take-up Spool
5. Extension-Spindle for Rewind Knob (two types, for previous and new Rollei models)
6. Inner Spool Knob
7. Focusing Screen Mask
8. Direct View Finder Mask
9. Lens Hood Mask.
|Applicability of this accessory: Fits Rolleiflex above numbers 1
100 000 and Rolleicord above numbers 1 137000. (The combination back for two picture sizes was originally not
provided with the first camera series, but can be ordered additionally).--Earlier
Rollei-models use Rolleikin 1 (with special back).
A. Installing the Counter-Knob *
(The exposure-counter-knob accepts 35 mm. and No. 120 [B 2-] film.
B. Assembling the Rolleikin
1. Adjust film pressure plate by a sliding movement, pressing down at the same time, thereby bringing the inscription
"24 X 36 mm. (1 X 11/~
in.)" into view.
5. First insert forward edge of focusing screen mask under the grip, snap down and secure by pressing the retaining device. Be sure the mask is properly centered inside the ground glass frame.
6. Insert the frame-finder mask underneath the button above the frame-finder in such a way that the edge (marked with a white dot) is pushed-in first, then press the two lateral fixing buttons into position.4www.butkus.org
1. Open camera back, pull rewind knob, fit-in film cartridge on the left and then insert fully.
2. Introduce film-lead (which - in the Rolleiflex - first passes through the film-feed rollers) into the double slit of the take-up spool, letting it touch on the right. Tighten up by giving spool a short turn.
3. Make sure the mouth of the cartridge points straight ahead in line with the tightened film lead, then close back.
4. Press-and-release counter-knob until the red dots of the Rolleikin counter face each other. (Disregard counter for No.
120 [B 2-] film
5. To set counter for the first exposure: Advance counter dial to No. l by actuating film transport three times (see page 15).
D. Film transport
1. Press-and-release counter-knob before actuating film transport. The exposure counter advances automatically to the next number.
When reloading a partially exposed cartridge, advance film two frames beyond the last exposure (skipping one frame
2. Always adjust film pressure plate properly (see B 1). (A sure sign of inaccurate adjustment when using the Rolleikin: Camera back will not close all the way.)
3. When installing the Rolleikin in the camera the empty rail film spool should be laid safely away in the Rolleikin case for later use since it must be used again when inserting the next roll of film.4www.butkus.org
4. Shutter cocking as usual: with Rolleitlex, normal swing of the crank.
5. Double exposure device is in operation in the Rolleitlex and cannot be disengaged when using Rolleikin. With Rolleicard it must be disengaged in order to unlock shutter.
section of "Practical Accessories"